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Bienvenido a la segunda entrada sobre las tecnologías espaciales. En nuestra primera entrada hablamos de SpaceX, si no lo has leído, te recomiendo que lo hagas haciendo click aquí. Hoy en esta entrada titulada Del espacio a la vida cotidiana, vamos a ver cómo usamos las tecnologías espaciales en nuestra vida cotidiana.

Tecnología espacial usados en la vida cotidiana

Introducción

“La exploración espacial no es solo un fin, sino también un medio para obtener una multitud de aplicaciones tecnológicas y científicas”

Santiago Campillo

La exploración espacial ha servido como fuente de conocimiento científico y motor de desarrollo tecnológico. Las aplicaciones de este conocimiento y este desarrollo pueden ser infinitas. Por esta razón te traigo un conteo de cómo pueden ayudar en lo cotidiano algo que aparentemente es muy lejano como la exploración espacial.

El software para diseñar montañas rusas

NASTRAN

NASTRAN, de NASA Structural Analysis Program, que, aunque ahora es un software de análisis estructural propietario, en su inicio formó parte de la NASA. Este software es una herramienta de análisis para calcular la resistencia estructural, los esfuerzos y las variables que afectan a los objetos.

Sin este software sería imposible diseñar una montaña rusa además de los coches, trenes, aviones… en general, las grandes estructuras sometidas a presiones y fuerzas variables.

Las cámaras de teléfonos celulares

Tal y como lo lees, en los años 90’s la NASA buscaba una tecnología que disminuyera el tamaño de las cámaras que serían empleadas en las naves espaciales sin afectar la calidad de la imagen. De esta manera fue como surgieron los sensores CMOS que hoy encontramos en las cámaras de nuestros teléfonos móviles.

Leds para el tratamiento de lesiones

Iluminación Led para el cultivo de verduras en el espacio.

Se comenzaron a usar en la NASA para el crecimiento de plantas en investigaciones de fotobiomodulación, con el objetivo de trasladar la aplicación a las naves espaciales. Posteriormente, diversas empresas adaptaron el invento para usos terapéuticos, algunos de los cuales se utilizan en la Marina y el Departamento de Defensa estadounidenses, además de en clínicas privadas.

Herramientas inalámbricas con batería

Destornillador de alimentación inalámbrica usado por la Nasa.

Las baterías portátiles y el uso de herramientas sin cables comenzaron a desarrollarse en los laboratorios de la NASA. Al fin y al cabo, para poder arreglar una cosa en el exterior de la ISS, un cable puede ser poco favorable. Así que recuerda su importancia la próxima vez que vayas a usar cualquier tipo de herramienta inalámbrica con batería: un taladro, un destornillador, una sierra o tu teléfono.

Energía solar

Para vuelos a grandes alturas y con una duración de días era necesario idear una fuente de energía eficiente y que no tuviera una carga de peso importante. La alianza Environmental Research Aircraft and Sensor Technology (ERAST) de la NASA se puso manos a la obra con este fin y finalmente crearon las células solares de silicio, las cuales se usan en las placas solares convencionales de la actualidad.

Prótesis

Prótesis.

Un guante robótico espacial es solo uno de los varios inventos de aplicación en el espacio que pueden aportar algo en el campo de la salud y una de esas aplicaciones es el desarrollo de nuevas prótesis para animales y seres humanos.

Trajes de bomberos

Desde el diseño del primer traje espacial, este tenía la característica de evitar la propagación del fuego además que no debería faltarle en ningún momento el oxígeno, pero, tras un accidente con incendio en los tests del Apolo I, la agencia reforzó la investigación en los materiales ignífugos y se optó por el PBI para los trajes, y un par de años después (en 1978) este material se empezó a usar en los cuerpos de bomberos de Estados Unidos.

Resumen

Con esto terminamos el primer conteo que como podrás observar, estos avances de tecnología espacial impactan nuestra vida diaria. Espera los próximos artículos en donde te hablaré de esto y de muchas cosas más que quizás no sabías. Hasta la próxima.

Acerca del autor

Alethia Imperia Velasco Aguilar

Ingeniera en Sistemas Computacionales. Investigadora en el diseño de proyectos científicos y tecnológicos.

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